Skip to main content

Taking A Gap Year


What is a gap year?gap year handout icon

A “gap year” is the period between the end of your undergraduate education and the start of professional school. A gap year can be a year or more depending on your particular circumstances.

Gap years should not be viewed negatively and instead, should be viewed as a "growth year"--a chance to focus on building a competitive resume and strengthening skills that will prove useful in the professional world. In fact, last year, 62% of medical school matriculates had taken a gap year.

Why should I take a gap year?

Admission into professional school is becoming increasingly competitive each year. Therefore, many students commit to a gap year in order to improve upon weak points in their application. Other applicants, however, take a gap year because they were not accepted the first time they applied. In either scenario, gap years allow time to improve your academic standing, increase clinical exposure, participate in research, retake an entrance exam, or hone your interview skills. Whatever the reason for a gap year, it is important to make it as productive as possible.

How do I determine why I was not accepted?

You should never assume you know the reason why you were not accepted and should instead confirm with the institution regarding weaknesses in your application. Most professional schools provide applicants with a post-rejection interview through their admissions office. This interview allows you to find out why your application was passed over and the specific areas you should improve on before reapplying the next cycle.

How should I discuss my gap year during an interview?

It is not uncommon to see many applicants with a gap year between graduating college and applying to professional school. When discussing this period of time on a secondary or during an interview, touch upon how you used this opportunity to improve upon the skills that will make you a better professional school candidate. Be honest; share what you learned and how you have grown during this time. Admission committees are looking for thoughtful and mature candidates who have demonstrated that they are trying to better themselves as individuals.

What aspect of my application I should work on?


If you have below-average undergraduate overall and science GPAs, you should consider pursuing post-baccalaureate or special master’s programs. Performing well in these programs prepares you for the preclinical years of professional school and also demonstrates to admissions committees an ability to handle hard science content. Many of these programs require the GRE but may substitute MCAT/DAT/OAT scores. Letters of recommendation and application essays are also usually required. Carefully review the requirements of each program before applying.


  • Georgia State University: MS in Biology with concentration in Medical Science (2-year program)
  • Mercer University: MS in Biomedical Sciences (2-year program) or MS in Preclinical Sciences (1-year program)
  • Morehouse University: MS in Medical Science (2-year program)
  • Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (PCOM): MS in Biomedical Sciences (2-year program)


Some students have difficulty balancing clinical exposure while taking classes—thus, one of the most common weaknesses in an application is a lack of experience in clinical and healthcare settings. Professional schools want assurance that their students know what they are getting into, and the more clinical exposure an applicant has, the better. A gap year allows for more time to take advantage of volunteering, shadowing and clinical employment opportunities in order to bulk up on your clinical experience.

  • SHADOWING/VOLUNTEERING: Admission committees often prefer variety among your clinical experiences. Strong applicants have experienced the different ways that a profession can be practiced (private vs. hospital based practice) and the types of specialties available. Even if shadowing/volunteering hours are not a weak point on your application, the additional experience will be looked favorably upon by admission committees, can be a point of reference during an interview, and can provide additional opportunities to obtain strong letters of recommendation. It also shows that you are maximizing your gap year, while at the same time staying connected to the profession between application cycles.
  • EMPLOYMENT: Many students take a gap year to earn a certification so that they may gain clinical experience while also earning an income. For example, you can earn certification as a Medical Assistant, Emergency Medical Technician, Certified Nursing Assistant, Dental Assistant, Certified Paraoptometric or Certified Paraoptometric Technician. There are also healthcare related jobs that allow insight into the profession without a certification such as a medical scribe, phlebotomist, clinical research assistant, hospital or clinical administrative staff.


  • TEST SCORES: Re-taking the MCAT/DAT/OAT to obtain a higher score is often the quickest way to strengthen an application. Do not rush into a re-take! Carefully evaluate your study skills and practice test scores before committing to a second (or third) attempt.
  • RESEARCH: Involvement in a research lab is quickly becoming an essential part of a competitive application. Most medical schools, in particular, now expect applicants to have some research experience, even if they do not plan to conduct research later on in their career.  Research can be done for credit, as a volunteer, or as a paid position.
  • COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT & LEADERSHIP: A gap year is a great opportunity to continue volunteering for organizations that you are passionate about, while at the same time taking advantage of leadership roles within these organizations. Evidence of commitment and active (rather than passive) engagement is paramount. Finding a cause and staying committed is beneficial in two aspects. First, it highlights your individual interests. Second, the more passionate you are about an organization, the more likely you will enjoy the experience. 
  • RESUME/PERSONAL STATEMENT/INTERVIEW PREPAREDNESS: The University of Georgia’s Career Center is an excellent resource for pre-health students to strengthen their application. Career Consultants can assist you with perfecting your resume, personal statement, and interview techniques. To schedule an appointment, please do so through your Handshake account or by calling the Career Center front desk at (706) 542-3375. Once scheduled, your career consultant will send you a virtual meeting invitation via Zoom. Should you wish to cancel an existing appointment, please do so through your Handshake account. Make sure to select the career consultant that sees your specific major.  You will find a list of these advisors below. Please indicate in the notes or comments section that you would like to request a mock interview, personal statement or resume review.